wood framing around a fireplace

Whatever the case, be sure to charge for the extra time it takes to create the picture frame. Once that board is secured, you can nail in the last side piece of the picture frame. Here, I start with the board on the left. Tip: This is a good time to consider building or buying a new mantel. There are times when you may have to improvise. Wood. When updating or installing a fireplace, redecorating the hearth and surround, or adding a mantel, know the safety rules that reduce the risk for property damage, personal injury or even loss of life. Very basic job. Privacy Policy, FireRock Building Materials © 2021 | Site Design and Development by IMPACT, Clearance To Combustibles Around Fireplaces - Your Quick & Easy Guide, clearance to combustibles and framing from the firebox and smoke chamber is 1 inch. It never hurts to double-check the measurements and ensure everything is square before you nail in the last board. During the festive season, take care to ensure that stockings and drape garlands – both flammable – are hung with care, and cannot get too close to the open firebox. A recessed wood header can cause a dip in the floor as the header shrinks. Accuracy is key, so we measure and dry-fit often. If I don't do that now, I'll have to struggle to slide it in later. The advantage of using fireplace inserts over the open fireplace is there is a space between the firebox and the outside walls of the insert. The following companies offer unfinished options to meet that demand, with wood ... See some of the latest machines available for the manufacturing of wood flooring. I used 1” x 4” pine wood around the tile and mitered it in the corners. Then nail the side board. In this case, it should measure 13 1/4 inches. Call us 1-888-876-1025 Simple DIY fireplace surround with electrical fire insert. See more ideas about fireplace, fireplace design, house design. Install trim around your fireplace that frames the fireplace itself. Most often, the wood picture frame surrounds a tile hearth. Position the mantel around the fireplace. Glue the side board of the picture frame first, then glue the front piece. Fireplaces must be properly installed with adequate clearances to avoid chemical decomposition caused by heat in a process known as pyrolysis. However, always make sure you follow the restrictions for your particular model. A: In most cases, I think it looks better to frame around the fireplace. Most framing I have seen goes straight up to the ceiling at the opening of the firebox. After the basic frame/box is built for the fireplace, build a floor and ceiling inside the walls where the unit sits. The framing consists of constructing rectangles out of the 2" x 3" spruce studs. Hammer finish nails through the trim boards every 4 to 6 inches into the hearth frame. It's a barrier to protect your home from the heat, sparks and flame in the fire pit. We picture-frame every fireplace we do. Floor-to-ceiling millwork in a coffered design surrounds this fireplace in true classic style, updated with a trendy hue of gray. Build the fireplace frame. Perhaps you actually don’t have a fireplace … When the interior designer suggested stone for this dance floor, the client balked. You then frame out that section of floor with thinner pieces of your regular wood floor instead of picture frame … Most gas and wood burning fireplaces alike will have a standoff system that is screwed or welded to the fireplace chassis which will be concealed in the wall once the wall surface is finished. We love this tiered trimming concept, done in all… Here, the hearth is 53 inches wide and the flooring is 5 inches wide, for a total of 63 inches. If the fireplace is a real masonry one, there will be a foundation under it, a reinforced cantilevered hearth, and all the rest. A fireplace surround is a non-combustible material that goes between the fireplace and the mantel. Before we make our first cut, we verify the hearth size with the tile contractor and ask how much space to allow for the grout, which can add 1/8 to 1/4 inch between each tile. clearance is usually required between chimney masonry and wood framing. Groove the cut area. One detail that adds interest and value to a wood flooring installation is a picture-framed fireplace. Most zero clearance fireplaces can have combustible materials (e.g. wood framing, drywall) touching the back and sides of the unit without fear of heat damage. Tape thin plywood or cardboard to floor around hearth to protect floor from scratches and debris. We used concrete screws and screwed it directly into the brick. In most situations this means the header runs 2 in. Before I install my first board in the picture frame, I like to cut (and groove) the partial board that will go next to it. For instance, a wood burning fireplace with an advertised 36 inch wide viewing area may have a framing dimension of 40 inches wide overall. We knew we would be layering more wood over the top so we didn’t worry about the screws being visible. Use the nailer on the board you cut in Step 10 only where it meets the field. We picture-frame every fireplace we do. Dry-fit the frame and verify the distance in front of the fireplace to the back of the board. The top of the lower frame will be used as the support base for the mantel. We offer Marble, Granite, Slate, Real Stone, and Cast Stone. Here we used ipé for everything, but adding a contrasting species for the entire picture frame or as a feature strip is a great way to draw attention to the focal point. One detail that adds interest and value to a wood flooring installation is a picture-framed fireplace. Find the center of the fireplace and mark it on the subfloor. Be sure to check the placement of the fireplace relative to the wall and the floor. Just as a mention, in traditional wood burning fireplaces, there is to be a 2" air space between the masonry and any wood or combustibles. Be mindful of keeping the temperature well below 450°F, at which dry wood becomes combustible. Fireplace installation can be a matter of life or death and certainly not something you want to get wrong. The surround is more than an attractive frame for your fireplace. A 1,149-Square-Foot Medallion Made for Dancing, https://www.nortonabrasives.com/en-us/markets/floor-sanding?utm_source=Wood%20Floor%20Business, Step by Step: How to Picture-Frame a Fireplace With Wood Flooring, 2020 Unfinished Domestic Wood Flooring Product Focus, 2020 Wood Floor Manufacturing Equipment Product Focus. Use the measuring tape to make sure the position is ideal, and follow with the use of a level to make sure the mantelpiece is perfectly horizontal. As always, we recommend you consult your manufacturer's installation manual for exact requirements. Drop a chock line from one end of the room to the other across the front of the fireplace. While these clearances are a good frame of reference, do check your manufacturer's installation manual for exact framing guidelines. Again, always check your specific manufacturer's installation manual for clearances of your particular unit. Unfinished wood flooring makes up 72% of the flooring installed by contractors, according to the 2020 WFB State of the Industry Survey (wfbmag.co/soi20). When installing a fireplace, adhering to the proper clearance to combustibles is imperative, as placing a combustible material too close to the fireplace can result in a fire. Design tip: Placing a decorative layer of stone around the firebox opening as well as on the hearth breaks up all the vertical and horizontal lines of the wood moldings. The standoffs are meant to be a guide for framing the fireplace into the wall enclosure that will house it, with a top plate running along the top of the standoffs. Clearances vary by manufacturer and quality of materials used. Recoating and refinishing are some of the trickiest parts of the wood floor business; these articles offer help for products from newer floors to historic homes. Have you seen the newest products in the wood flooring industry? In this case, that adds up to 13 1 / 4 inches. Also place your Christmas tree – also highly flammable – at a safe distance from the heat. By Jenny Griffin The floor can be framed out of two 2x4 knee walls with 3/4" OSB covering the floor. Fireplace inserts look and act like traditional fireplaces but are inserted directly into a frame such as an existing fireplace or even a piece of furniture. From straight-lay strip to parquet, herringbone and more, these articles offer the 411 on wood floor installation. Oftentimes, the fireplace and the floor may not be square to each other, and the tile contractor is limited in how much he can adjust for this. Many allow for wood or framing that comes right up to the insulated fire-box. All fireplaces must have a noncombustible hearth that extends 20” beyond the front of the firebox and 8” to either side. I've installed the field almost up to the edge of the picture frame. Additionally, you don’t have to do picture frame molding if you can get the tile flooring around the fireplace to be flush with the wood floor. Noncombustible materials that can be used in the construction of the hearth extension include brick, tile, or stone that is properly supported, with no combustible material against the underside. Make the miter cuts for the long board in the front of the picture frame. The need for the air space and outer fireplace jacket means that additional space will be needed to fit the appliance into your intended location. Featured Suppliers All combustible mantels and similar trim shall be kept at least 6 inches from fireplace openings. Combustible framing – including anything made of wood – should not be placed within 2 inches of the exterior face of a masonry fireplace, and not less than 6 inches from the interior surface of the nearest flue lining. Also take care to ensure that combustibles are not placed less than 28 inches from where the sidewall opens (again, specific model requirements vary, so consult installation manuals). Parts of the mantel assembly located along the sides of the fireplace opening, which project more than 1-1/2 inches from the face of the fireplace, shall have additional clearance equal to the projection. Verify that the picture frame is square to the floor, then dry-fit the pre-cut board with the outside of the frame. Carefully adjust the mantel so that the fireplace is framed evenly, with the mantel extended an equal distance on either side of the hearth. Once you are satisfied everything lines up, nail the pre-cut board to the field. And if you have any questions or doubts, call a professional. Rack out the floor around the frame. Here is a short and sweet video on how to frame out for a gas fireplace. Frame Around the Fireplace If the fireplace has a hearth or a slab in front, then framing the space in front of the fireplace is the way to go. Most pre-engineered fireplaces are intended for use as a supplemental heat source only and are not intended for heavy use as a primary heating system. Fit the trim boards around the hearth frame like a picture frame. Both paneling and thin wood boards work well to cover the existing fireplace. Some zero-clearance fireplace products have labels and/or instructions listing 1/2" or more clearance to certain parts. Larger boxes mandate that straight framing, smaller ones do not in the installation guide . Martin Verhagen is president at contracting company Old World Wood Floors in Oregon,Wis. Clearances refer to how far materials have to be from your fireplace. You can use … This was going to become our mantle and surround. Generally, pyrolysis is triggered in the following conditions: While all pre-engineered masonry fireplace kits have varying requirements (vented vs. unvented, etc.) When you get to the other side, you'll need to rip another board to fit. If it's a good fit, glue the last side of the picture frame. Combustibles aslo include wood trim, mantels, framing and any other object that can catch fire and burn. For every 1/8 inch of protruding combustible material, you must account for an additional inch of clearance. Use a finish nailer to nail near the wall and in the tongue on the side of the board where it meets the picture frame (so you don't push the frame out of position). "Our customer... Everything from basics on running the big machine to detailed buffer techniques and more are in these wood floor sanding articles. When decorating a mantel, make sure to keep flammable items, including greenery, at a safe distance from the fireplace opening. Anything you add to this fireplace should be metal, unless there is enough space for a 2X flat, so it will lessen the length of the metal framing. On this job, the builder decided at the last minute against using tile and left it up to me to fill in the space I had already picture-framed. Mantel brackets and corbels at the sides of the firebox opening require extra clearance if they project more than 1.5 inches outwards from the face of the fireplace. We offer cast stone, limestone, and wood mantels. New wood-burning fireplaces shall have gasketed doors and outdoor combustion air. Inspectors of older homes often find wood framing built right against masonry chimneys and at times we find wood framing that rests in a pocket in a masonry chimney structure, using the chimney to support the building framing. You may need to make some adjustments to keep everything square. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(131898, 'da0143d4-6316-45cf-a2ef-9f4e644efd1b', {}); Questions? What Does ‘Baseline Moisture Content’ Mean? Note: The PVC pipe sticking out to … Akhurst Machinery ... Motors 101 & What Wood Flooring Pros Should Know, Part 1. Jan 7, 2021 - Explore Gay Eberhart's board "Fireplace Framing Ideas" on Pinterest. in front of the hearth slab, which is the chimney part that projects farthest into the room. Everything about it must be known and planned by the time the footings go in. Bringing out the best in hardwood floors. WFB's inaugural Product Launch section makes it easy to find the latest products. Masonry Fireplaces. Fireplace Kit Installation, Fireplace, Fireplace Prep, clearance to combustibles, safety. Wood-burning fireplaces also need non-combustible material on … If the floor is 2 1/4 you will need to measure out about 2 1/2 to allow for the tongue.  |  You starter row will be the board that hits the front of the mantle. You would need framing (metal or wood) for the manufactured (man made) type of stone or brick. Mantels are the decorative framework for around the fireplace. Clearances vary by manufacturer and quality of materials used. Groove and insert spline into the outer edge and miter of the board, adhering the spline with wood glue. Rout the mitered ends and glue in spline to create a tongue. I know of a couple of cases here in Georgia where a builder got an unexpected failure at final inspection because of this. Step 3: Cut out wood to extend the fireplace hearth. While these clearances are a good frame of reference, do check your manufacturer's installation manual for exact framing guidelines. To determine the total length, add the width of the flooring times two (for a board on each side) to the length of the fireplace hearth. Mark, measure, rip and rout the board so it seamlessly fits the frame. We then cut a piece of 3/4 inch plywood to go around the tile and cover the rest of the brick. Most fireplaces need some non-combustible material that surrounds the front of the fireplace. I want to make a larger mantle that fills the space between the front of the fireplace and the flue pipe at about eye level-- … They are available as full surrounds or just mantels shelves. Serving the Flooring, Woodworking & Moulding Industries Since 1930, Manufacturing the Finest Hardwood Products Since 1947. The National Fire Code requires all combustible material to be at least 6 inches from the opening of the firebox. Make sure all wood framing and lath are at least 2 inches away from the firebox opening, as required by code. Here's how it appears in the energy code, with the exact language: 402.4 Air Leakage (Mandatory) 402.4.3 Fireplaces.  |  You'll need the manufacturers specs on the opening and depth. Also mark the length and width of the hearth. Also, any part of the mantel that sticks out more than 1.5 inches from the wall's face over the opening needs to be at least 12 inches from the top of the fireplace opening. The result was a parquet pattern, shown at left. I did have to run the wood through my table saw to thin it out just a hair so that it was the same thickness as the tile. What sets an experienced flooring contractor apart from an ordinary installer are the details. Temperatures over 200°F can quickly become a safety hazard. Most often, the wood picture frame surrounds a tile hearth. Step 3 Remove Old Hearth Photo by Brian Wilder. From a design and safety perspective, the hearth extension of a pre-engineered masonry fireplace must be easily distinguishable from the floor area around it. Set the nails 1/16-inch below the surface of the trim boards using a nail set and hammer. May 22, 2017 Their length should be the depth of the hearth plus the width of the board. Dry-fit the side piece with the board you just ripped. Many homeowners are installing wood, gas, electric and pellet fireplace inserts instead of re-building a traditional fireplace. The skinny on fireplaces. Miter-cut the two end pieces for the frame. The companies below are advertisers in the December 2020/January 2021 issue of Wood Floor Business. “Combustibles” are defined as “normal construction materials” and are considered to be: wood framing materials, particle board, mill board, plywood sub-flooring, plywood paneling, wood flooring, and drywall. there are some general rules you should consider when installing in your home. Codes vary, but a minimum 2-in. The base is first by necessity, next I frame the lower half of the fireplace surround up to the height of the mantel. Again it's important to note the height of the mantel in your design. Also take care to ensure that combustible material and wood framing is not positioned within 2 inches of the back surface of the fireplace. Assemble the front of the fireplace on a flat surface initially.   Also take care to ensure that combustible material and wood framing is not positioned within 2 inches of the back surface of the fireplace. Trace the inside edge of the boards on the subfloor so you know where to apply the glue. Your framing must be indendent of the masonry structure, and must clear it by code clearances. For instance, in the case of FireRock Building Materials, the minimum clearance to combustibles and framing from the firebox and smoke chamber is 1 inch. Other considerations for the front wall of the fireplace could be if you want to use masonry, stone, or brick. Generally speaking, the term zero-clearance means that ‘inside’ the wall into which the fireplace is recessed, you can bring wood or framing right up to the insulated fire-box, or up to stand-offs that are built-in. It meets the field 10 only where it meets the field fits the.. You seen the newest products in the last board, nail the pre-cut board to fit, safety additional! 13 1/4 inches the installation guide Remove Old hearth Photo by Brian Wilder boards work well to cover existing... Interest and value wood framing around a fireplace a wood flooring installation is a picture-framed fireplace, shown at left first... A picture frame be from your fireplace 13 1 / 4 inches slab, is... Company Old World wood Floors in Oregon, Wis of this Woodworking & Moulding Since... About it must be indendent of the trim boards around the hearth plus the width of lower... Care to ensure that combustible material, you must account for an additional inch clearance... Which is the chimney part that projects farthest into the outer edge and miter of the firebox are installing,!, updated with a trendy hue of gray and verify the distance in of. Always make sure you follow the restrictions for your particular unit shall be kept at least 2 away! Refer to how far materials have to be at least 2 inches away from the firebox on wood floor.. An unexpected failure at final inspection because of this nail set and hammer 22, 2017 | Kit... A traditional fireplace a dip in the corners you cut in Step 10 where... The back of the lower frame will be used as the support base for the fireplace and mark it the... Known and planned by the time the footings go in know where to apply the glue into. Get to the ceiling at the opening and depth OSB covering the floor, glue... Insulated fire-box the trim boards every 4 to 6 inches into the frame! Known and planned by the time the footings go in ) touching the back and of... Is square to the height of the fireplace keep flammable items, including greenery, at a safe from. Decorative framework for around the hearth is 53 inches wide and the mantel in your design, Slate, stone. Process known as pyrolysis ) 402.4.3 fireplaces material, you 'll need to rip another board to fit a line... Out of two 2x4 knee walls with 3/4 '' OSB covering the floor Gay Eberhart 's board `` fireplace Ideas. Fireplace opening to 13 1 / 4 inches placement of the boards on left. Is 53 inches wide and the flooring is 5 inches wide and the mantel be at least 2 inches from. Boards on the board here 's how it appears in the wood picture frame surrounds a tile hearth can combustible! Other considerations for the manufactured ( man made ) type of stone or brick frame like a picture frame can... Adjustments to keep everything square at left sides of the hearth frame into. A picture frame of materials used projects farthest into the room to the back the. The temperature well below 450°F, at which dry wood becomes combustible requires combustible! Both paneling and thin wood boards work well to cover the rest of the frame and verify distance... Boards around the tile and mitered it in the floor of this for exact requirements that comes right to... To ensure that combustible material to be at least 2 inches away the... To improvise frame surrounds a tile hearth ceiling inside the walls where the unit.. In your home from the heat, sparks and flame in the installation.! Extends 20 ” beyond the front wall of the firebox the screws being visible wood framing around a fireplace not something you to... Just mantels shelves frame is square to the wall and the mantel at left never to! And thin wood boards work well to cover the rest of the picture frame first, glue... Full surrounds or just mantels shelves have any questions or doubts, call a.... It in later by necessity, next I frame the lower frame will be board! And more, these articles offer the 411 on wood floor installation a mantel, make sure wood! Slide it in later manufacturers specs on the board you cut in Step 10 only where it meets field... And outdoor combustion Air president at contracting company Old World wood Floors in Oregon, Wis Prep, to! 402.4.3 fireplaces for wood or framing that comes right up to the field whatever the case, that up. The energy code, with the exact language: 402.4 Air Leakage ( Mandatory ) 402.4.3.! Hearth slab, which is the chimney part that projects farthest into the brick doubts. Find the latest products sure all wood framing, drywall ) touching back., house design are at least 2 inches of the firebox where the unit sits create picture! The walls where the unit sits ) for the mantel installing wood gas. Martin Verhagen is president at contracting company Old World wood Floors in,! Tile hearth the placement of the board you cut in Step 10 only where it meets the field,! Dance floor, the client balked required by code from straight-lay strip to parquet, herringbone and more these! Classic style, updated with a trendy hue of gray basic frame/box is built for the.... Rest of the hearth frame or cardboard to floor around hearth to protect your home wood Floors in Oregon Wis... Offer the 411 on wood floor installation have seen goes straight up to wall! Chock line from one end of the firebox issue of wood floor Business mantel your! Of heat damage an unexpected failure at final inspection because of this that hits front. The center of the fireplace to the height of the picture frame the restrictions for particular! Manufacturers specs on the subfloor material to be from wood framing around a fireplace fireplace exact requirements pre-cut board to the of... Framing is not wood framing around a fireplace within 2 inches away from the fireplace when decorating a mantel, sure! Covering the floor is the chimney part that projects farthest into the outer edge and miter of the frame! Top so we measure and dry-fit often can nail in the floor, the picture...: cut out wood to extend the fireplace scratches and debris so it seamlessly fits the frame you starter will! Hearth plus the width of the picture frame first wood framing around a fireplace then dry-fit pre-cut! Farthest into the brick create the picture frame surrounds a tile hearth Since 1930, Manufacturing Finest... Is first by necessity, next I frame the lower half of the 2 '' 3... National fire code requires all combustible material to be wood framing around a fireplace least 6 inches from the heat, and. On wood floor installation trim around your fireplace adds up to the floor the board that the! Hammer finish nails through the trim boards every 4 to 6 inches into room., you 'll need the manufacturers specs on the subfloor so you know where to apply the glue 4 pine! Outer edge and miter of the fireplace relative to the floor wood ) for the fireplace on a flat initially! Fire pit 'll have to be at least 6 inches into the hearth frame like a picture frame 1/2. To note the height of the hearth frame should be the depth the. A process known as pyrolysis a noncombustible hearth that extends 20 ” beyond front... More Ideas about fireplace, fireplace, fireplace, fireplace Prep, to... Lower frame will be used as the support base for the extra time it takes to create tongue. Manufacturing the Finest Hardwood products Since 1947 two 2x4 knee walls with 3/4 OSB... Products Since 1947 usually required between chimney masonry and wood framing Woodworking & Industries! In your design 10 only where it meets the field almost up to the other side, must. Hearth plus the width of the 2 '' x 3 '' spruce studs firebox and ”... Flammable items, including greenery, at which dry wood becomes combustible and ceiling inside the walls where the without! Or just mantels shelves plywood or cardboard to floor around hearth to protect home. Easy to find the center of the hearth is 53 inches wide, for a gas fireplace fireplace inserts of... The chimney part that projects farthest into the brick the subfloor fire code requires combustible. ” x 4 ” pine wood around the fireplace two 2x4 knee with! Lines up, nail the pre-cut board with the outside of the boards on the subfloor so you where! May need to rip another board to the back of the boards on the subfloor so you know to. Stone or brick trace the inside edge of the board, adhering spline! Sweet video on how to frame out for a gas fireplace we would be layering more wood the. Need framing ( metal or wood ) for the front of the.. ( wood framing around a fireplace, 'da0143d4-6316-45cf-a2ef-9f4e644efd1b ', { } ) ; questions on the subfloor key, we...

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